Articles and Literature
Clinic outcomes analysis 2003
Moshe Perl, PhD, Clinical & Forensic Psychologist
Two measures of change used; the TOVA (Test of Variables of Attention) and the Perl Child Checklist. The TOVA is a continuous performance (hands-on) test, involving a simple visual discrimination task. It is a timed test, taking about 25 minutes to complete. The test taker must click or not click a special button in response to visual stimuli presented on a computer screen. The test can accurately measure the presence and degree of difficulty with sustained focus, attention and impulse control. The TOVA is helpful for diagnostics and well as for the accurate titration of medication for ADHD.
History of Neurofeedback
Moshe Perl, PhD, MAPS, member Clinical and Forensic Colleges
Neurofeedback, variously known as EEG Biofeedback, or Neurotherapy, is a form of biofeedback. Biofeedback is a straightforward procedure: For example, if you want to raise the temperature in your finger, all you need is a thermometer that is sensitive enough to show temperature fluctuations, in this case, 0.1 degrees. Almost all people will be able to raise the temperature in their finger by several degrees within 15 minutes. With practice a person can become proficient in this ability, which can be very useful for people who tend to have cold extremities. Neurofeedback is an extension of biofeedback to the training of the Electroencephalogram (EEG) or brainwaves.
Neurofeedback in Psychological Practice
Author: Masterpasqua, Frank; Healey, Kathryn N. Source: Professional Psychology: Research and Practice December 2003 Vol. 34, No. 6, 652-656 ISSN: 0735-7028 Number: pro346652
Neurofeedback, also known as EEG biofeedback or EEG operant conditioning, is an emerging modality with the potential of becoming an important part of effective psychological practice. Neurofeedback is a process whereby individuals learn to self-regulate their brain waves. Preliminary findings indicate that teaching individuals to alter electrocortical activity may have beneficial effects for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Other research is ongoing to determine the effectiveness of neurofeedback for other disorders as well, including depression and schizophrenia. Its promise notwithstanding, neurofeedback has been virtually ignored by the mainstream investigators and clinicians. Even accounting for the absence of conclusive empirical efficacy, a process that combines two pillars of psychology-operant conditioning and brain function-deserves greater attention from the psychological community. With this article we hope to call attention to this modality by presenting some of the history and research pertaining to brain wave self-regulation.